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UMTRI's Biosciences Group conducts research on the biomechanics of motor vehicle occupants as it relates to occupant injuries, crash protection, and occupant accommodation. Biosciences researchers use state-of-the-art laboratory testing facilities, three-dimensional computer modeling, and data analysis techniques to conduct a wide range of research. The scope of Biosciences work encompasses three main areas:

  • Impact biomechanics, involving lab work with human surrogates to study the response of the human body to dynamic loading
  • Crash data analysis to identify the mechanisms involved in motor-vehicle injury and assess the performance of occupant protection systems
  • Computational human body modeling to assess the effects of crashes and other loading scenarios on human response and injury
  • Engineering anthropometry and vehicle ergonomics, including extensive testing with volunteers to characterize their posture, motion, and body shape while interacting with vehicles, seats, and other systems

Recent Publications

Tan YV, Flannagan CA, and Elliott MR (2019) "Robust-squared" imputation models using BART. Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology DOI: 10.1093/jssam/smz002

Hu J, Zhang K, Reed MP, Wang JT, Neal M, Lin CH (2019) Frontal crash simulations using parametric human models representing a diverse population Traffic Injury Prevention 19(S1): DOI 10.1080/15389588.2019.1581926

Jones MLH, Ebert SM, Reed MP. (in press) Sensations associated with motion sickness response during passenger vehicle operations on a test track. SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility. SAE Technical Paper 2019-01-0687. DOI:10.4271/2019-01-0687

Klinich KD, Manary MA, Malik L, Flannagan CA, Jermakian J. (2018) Assessing tether labeling and usability in pickup trucks. Traffic Injury Prevention 19(3):287-291. DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2017.1383986

Park B-KD, Reed MP, Kaciroti N, Love M, Miller AL, Appugliese DP, and Lumeng JC. (2018) ShapeCoder: A new method for visual quantification of body mass index in young children. Pediatric Obesity 13(2):38-93. DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12202

Reed MP, Ebert SM, and Jones MLH. (in press) Posture and belt fit in reclined passenger seats. Traffic Injury Prevention

Zaseck LW, Chen C, Hu J, Reed MP, and Rupp J (2018) The influence of pre-existing rib fractures on GHBMC thorax response in frontal and oblique impact. Journal of Biomechanics 69:54-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.01.010