Injury Biomechanics and Ergonomics

Child restraint system testing

UMTRI conducts research on the biomechanics of motor vehicle occupants as it relates to occupant injuries, crash protection, and occupant accommodation. Researchers use state-of-the-art laboratory testing facilities, three-dimensional computer modeling, and data analysis techniques to conduct a wide range of research, specifically: 

  • Impact biomechanics, involving lab work with human surrogates to study the response of the human body to dynamic loading.
  • Crash data analysis to identify the mechanisms involved in motor-vehicle injury and assess the performance of occupant protection systems.
  • Computational human body modeling to assess the effects of crashes and other loading scenarios on human response and injury.
  • Engineering anthropometry and vehicle ergonomics, including extensive testing with volunteers to characterize their posture, motion, and body shape while interacting with vehicles, seats, and other systems.
Selected Publications