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An injury risk curve for the hip for use in frontal impact crash testing
To facilitate the assessment of hip injury risk in frontal motor-vehicle crashes, an injury risk curve that relates peak force transmitted to the hip to the probability of hip fracture was developed by using survival analysis to fit a lognormal distribution to a recently published dataset of hip...
BioTab a new method for analyzing and documenting injury causation in motor-vehicle crashes.
Objective: To describe a new method for analyzing and documenting the causes of injuries in motor vehicle crashes that has been implemented since 2005 in cases investigated by the Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN). Methods: The new method, called BioTab, documents injury causation...
Development, validation, and application of a parametric pediatric head finite element model for impact simulations
In this study, a statistical model of cranium geometry for 0- to 3-month-old children was developed by analyzing 11 CT scans using a combination of principal component analysis and multivariate regression analysis. Radial basis function was used to morph the geometry of a baseline child head finite...
A study of the vehicle structure crashworthiness in dolly and curb-trip rollover tests
Rollover crashes can be the most dangerous vehicular crashes among all crash types which have a higher fatality rate than other kinds of crashes. The orthogonal design was adopted to evaluate structure parameters how to affect the vehicle rollover crashworthiness in dolly and curb-trip tests. It is...
Integration of physical and cognitive human models to simulate driving with a secondary in-vehicle task
Human behavior models give insight into people-s choices and actions and are tools for predicting performance and improving interface design. Most models focus on a task-s cognitive aspects or its physical requirements. This research addresses the divide between cognitive and physical models by...
Focusing on vulnerable populations in crashes recent advances in finite element human models for injury biomechanics research.
Children, small female, elderly, and obese occupants are at greater risk of death and serious injuries in motor-vehicle crashes than the mid-size, young, male occupants. However, current injury assessment tools, including crash test dummies and finite element (FE) human models, generally do not...
Crash protection for child passengers rationale for best practice / by Kathleen D. Klinich, Miriam A. Manary, and Kathleen B. Weber.
Child restraint systems provide specialized protection for pediatric motor vehicle occupants whose body structures are still immature and growing. There are many occupant protection systems available and the different types of restraints are appropriately matched to children based primarily on...
Model development and robust optimal design of occupant restraint system
In this study, an occupant restraint system model of a production SUV developed in MADYMO software was used for crash simulations. Component tests were conducted to obtain the parameters of seatbelt and seat. Parameters of airbag were obtained by tank tests and the airbag model was validated by...

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