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The effect of bracing availability on force-exertion capability in one-hand isometric pulling tasks
In activities of daily living and industrial tasks people encounter obstructions in their environment that kinematically limit the postures that they can achieve. These obstructions can also provide an opportunity for additional support such as bracing with the hand, thigh or other body part. The...
Comparison of WorldSID and cadaver responses in low-speed and high-speed nearside impact
A series of lateral impact tests was performed in which the WorldSID midsize-male crash-test dummy was struck with a segmented padded impactor that separately loaded the thorax, abdomen, iliac wing, greater trochanter, and mid thigh. Tests were conducted using 8 m/s and 3 m/s initial impact...
Influence of object size and hand posture on upper limb joint loads during one-handed lifting exertion
This work aims to collect new information and develop models for design of objects that are held or manipulated with the hand. Examples include, handles that are used to lift and hold containers or support the body, tools, parts and materials. Towards this end, this study examines the effect of...
Finite element investigation of seatbelt systems for improving occupant protection during rollover crashes
The seatbelt system, originally designed for protecting occupants in frontal crashes, has been reported to be inadequate for preventing occupant head-to-roof contact during rollover crashes. To improve the effectiveness of seatbelt systems in rollovers, in this study, we reviewed previous...
Effects of crash pulse, impact angle, occupant size, front seat location, and restraint system on rear seat occupant protection
In this study, two sled series were conducted with a sled buck representing a compact vehicle. The first series of tests focused on the effects of crash pulse, impact angle, occupant size, and front seat location on rear seat occupant restraint with a generic rear-seat belt system without pre-...