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Focusing on vulnerable populations in crashes recent advances in finite element human models for injury biomechanics research.
Children, small female, elderly, and obese occupants are at greater risk of death and serious injuries in motor-vehicle crashes than the mid-size, young, male occupants. However, current injury assessment tools, including crash test dummies and finite element (FE) human models, generally do not...
Crash protection for child passengers rationale for best practice / by Kathleen D. Klinich, Miriam A. Manary, and Kathleen B. Weber.
Child restraint systems provide specialized protection for pediatric motor vehicle occupants whose body structures are still immature and growing. There are many occupant protection systems available and the different types of restraints are appropriately matched to children based primarily on...
Model development and robust optimal design of occupant restraint system
In this study, an occupant restraint system model of a production SUV developed in MADYMO software was used for crash simulations. Component tests were conducted to obtain the parameters of seatbelt and seat. Parameters of airbag were obtained by tank tests and the airbag model was validated by...
Abdominal injury in motor-vehicle crashes
A review of the biomechanical and epidemiological literature on abdomen injury in motor-vehicle crashes was performed. Results of this review demonstrate that (1) there are limited data on abdomen injuries in real-world crashes of newer model airbag-equipped vehicles, (2) there are insufficient...
Finite element investigation of seatbelt systems for improving occupant protection during rollover crashes
The seatbelt system, originally designed for protecting occupants in frontal crashes, has been reported to be inadequate for preventing occupant head-to-roof contact during rollover crashes. To improve the effectiveness of seatbelt systems in rollovers, in this study, we reviewed previous...
Effects of crash pulse, impact angle, occupant size, front seat location, and restraint system on rear seat occupant protection
In this study, two sled series were conducted with a sled buck representing a compact vehicle. The first series of tests focused on the effects of crash pulse, impact angle, occupant size, and front seat location on rear seat occupant restraint with a generic rear-seat belt system without pre-...