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An injury risk curve for the hip for use in frontal impact crash testing
To facilitate the assessment of hip injury risk in frontal motor-vehicle crashes, an injury risk curve that relates peak force transmitted to the hip to the probability of hip fracture was developed by using survival analysis to fit a lognormal distribution to a recently published dataset of hip...
Computational investigation of the effects of driver and vehicle interior factors on the risk of knee-thigh-hip injureis in frontal crashes
The effects of seatbelt use, muscle tension, lower-extremity posture, driver fore-aft seat position, seat height, and seat angle on the likelihood of knee, thigh, and hip (KTH) injuries during knee-to-knee-bolster impacts in frontal crashes were studied using a finite element (FE) human model. A...
BioTab a new method for analyzing and documenting injury causation in motor-vehicle crashes.
Objective: To describe a new method for analyzing and documenting the causes of injuries in motor vehicle crashes that has been implemented since 2005 in cases investigated by the Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN). Methods: The new method, called BioTab, documents injury causation...
Toward designing pedestrian-friendly vehicles
Due to a rise in global urbanization and motorization, pedestrian injuries continue to be a major public-health problem worldwide. To design pedestrian-friendly vehicles, knowledge of common pedestrian injuries, technologies available for reducing these injuries, and benefit estimations for these...
Impact direction effect on serious-to-fatal injuries among drivers in near-side collisions according to impact location focus on thoracic injuries.
Occupant injury in real world vehicle accidents can be significantly affected by a set of crash characteristics, of which impact direction and impact location (or damage location) in general scale interval (e.g., frontal impact is frequently defined as general damage to vehicle frontal end with...
Injury risk curves for the skeletal knee-thigh-hip complex for knee-impact loading
Injury risk curves for the skeletal knee-thigh-hip (KTH) relate peak force applied to the anterior aspect of the flexed knee, the primary source of KTH injury in frontal motor-vehicle crashes, to the probability of skeletal KTH injury. Previous KTH injury risk curves have been developed from...
Effects of BMI on the risk and frequency of AIS 3+ injuries in motor-vehicle crashes
Objective: Determine the effects of BMI on the risk of serious-to-fatal injury (Abbreviated Injury Scale greater than or equal to 3 or AIS 3+) to different body regions for adults in frontal, nearside, farside, and rollover crashes. Design and Methods: Multivariate logistic regression analysis was...