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Development and evaluation of new anchors for ratings of driving workload
Older drivers stop driving for several reasons, including being overwhelmed by the workload of the primary driving task. Unfortunately, most driving studies (including those measuring driver distraction and overload) describe workload qualitatively, not quantitatively. A simple way to quantify...
Is the U.S. on the path to the lowest motor vehicle fatalities in decades?
Trends in U.S. motor vehicle fatalities, gasoline sales, and distance driven were examined for 12 months from May 2007 through April 2008. The results show substantial year-to-year reductions in motor vehicle fatalities during this time period that cannot be fully explained by the reductions in...
Visual fatigue and the driver
The last fifty years of research on visual fatigue are surveyed, with special emphasis on results that may be important in the context of driving. Over that time, ideas about visual fatigue have varied, ranging from a broad application of the label eyestrain, to virtually any visual complaint (...
Mirror size and lane-change crashes.
This study examined the relationship between the size of the driver-side outside mirror and the frequency of lane-change crashes. To control for other vehicle and driver differences that might be associated with mirror size, the frequency of going-straight-ahead crashes was used for comparison. The...
Facilitating driver interaction with a robotic driving assistant Some insights from the literature.
Nissan has been exploring the idea of robots as driving aids, first demonstrating the PIVO robot at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show and PIVO 2 at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. The robot consists of the top of an R2D2-like unit, with an expressive face, torso rotation, and speech output. It is positioned on...
In-vehicle video and motion sickness
This study consisted of a brief literature review of motion sickness and a paper-andpencil survey that focused on the frequency and severity of motion sickness of respondents- past experiences while viewing video in a moving vehicle. Also included in the survey were questions related to the...
Relationships among driver age, vehicle cost, and fatal nighttime crashes
The ratio of crashes in darkness to those occurring in daylight has been used to assess the relative sensitivity of certain risk factors to ambient light level. When applied in a way that maintains control over exposure level, use of dark/light ratios can be helpful in identifying crash factors...
Supplemental analysis for strategies to reduce CMV-involved crashes, fatalities and injuries in Michigan Driver records and crash involvement.
This research sought to identify differences in safety records of drivers who had undergone the training required to hold commercial drivers licenses, and to see if previous offenses and crashes in a CDL drivers record were reasonable indicators of future offenses and crashes. Crash and offense...