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Accounting for climate in ranking countries' carbon dioxide emissions
Increased concern about carbon dioxide emissions has resulted in efforts to create methods for ranking countries according to their emissions. Such rankings inform policy decisions on an international scale; the more comprehensive these rankings are, the better our chances of reducing emissions. It...
Where to live in the United States combined energy demand for heating and cooling in the 50 largest metropolitan areas.
The 50 largest metropolitan areas in the United States were examined to estimate the combined energy demand per person for residential heating and cooling. The analysis used heating and cooling degree days data to produce a combined index of total energy demand for climate control. The main results...
Environmental and energy implications of plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles.
We analyze the effect of charging a significant number of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) in the United States using presently available night-time spare electric capacity in the short term and new base-load capacity in the long term. Nationwide, there is currently ample spare night-time utility...
Vehicle capacity and fuel consumption in household fleets constraint-based microsimulation mode.
Vehicle capability is one of the factors that constrain the set of transportation options available for personal transportation. The capacity for carrying passengers and cargo is of particular interest when energy consumption is considered, because the use of more efficient vehicles may be limited...
Potential energy demand for cooling in the 50 largest metropolitan areas of the world: Implications for developing countries
Air conditioning of dwellings in developing countries is currently rather rare, but increasing personal income is expected to change that. This study examined the potential energy demand for cooling in the 50 most populous metropolitan areas of the world, and assessed the incremental demand in...
Energy-demand consequences of the recent geographical shift in the metropolitan population of the US
This study examined how the population shift in the United States between 1960 and 2006 affected the energy demand for heating and cooling. Three analyses were performed. The first analysis was based on climatological considerations only. The second analysis added the energy efficiencies of heating...
Air conditioning versus heating: Climate control is more energy demanding in Minneapolis than in Miami.
Energy demand for climate control was analyzed for Miami (the warmest large metropolitan area in the US) and Minneapolis (the coldest large metropolitan area). The following relevant parameters were included in the analysis: (1) climatological deviations from the desired indoor temperature as...
Will AC put a chill on the global energy supply?
The United States currently uses more energy for air- conditioning than all other countries combined—a sobering statistic from Stan Cox of the Land Institute in Salina, Kansas. That distinction might not remain true for long, however. Several developing countries rank among both the most populous...