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Survival in fatal road crashes body mass index, gender, and safety belt use.
Background: This study evaluated the associations of body mass index (BMI), gender, and use of safety belts with the survival of drivers involved in fatal road crashes. Method: The census data of all U.S. fatal crashes that did not involve pedestrians, bicyclists, or motorcyclists were examined for...
Appropriate analysis of CIREN data using NASS-CDS to reduce bias in estimation of injury risk factors in passenger vehicle crashes.
The Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) database contains detailed medical and crash information on a large number of severely injured occupants in motor vehicle crashes. CIREN's major limitation for stand-alone analyses to explore injury risk factors is that control subjects...
Identification and validation of a logistic regression model for predicting serious injuries associated with motor vehicle crashes
A multivariate logistic regression model, based upon National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) data for calendar years 1999-2008, was developed to predict the probability that a crash-involved vehicle will contain one or more occupants with serious or incapacitating...
An analysis of U.S. road fatalities per population changes by age from 1958 to 2008.
Objective: This article presents a time-series analysis of changes in road safety in the United States from a public-health point of view. Method: A 50-year period was examined, from 1958 to 2008. The emphasis was on the changes by decades in fatalities per population across different age groups....
Toward understanding on-road interactions of male and female drivers
Objective: This study examined gender effects in six geometric scenarios of 2-vehicle crashes in which an involved driver could potentially ascertain the gender of the other driver prior to the crash. Method: The actual frequencies of different combinations of the involved male and female drivers...
A preliminary analysis of traffic crashes by out-of-state drivers
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the relationship between the involvement of out-of-state drivers in fatal crashes and each US state-s fatality rate per distance driven. Method: Two analyses were performed. In the first analysis, we examined the percentages of out-of-state drivers...
Trends and characteristics of animal-vehicle collisions in the United States
Introduction: Since 1990, fatal animal-vehicle collisions (AVCs) in the United States have more than doubled. This paper examines annual AVC trends in the United States over a 19-year period, seasonal and diurnal patterns of AVC risk, the geographic distribution of crash risk by state, and the...
Analysis of crash rates and surrogate events Unified Approach.
A preliminary study was done into the use and validation of crash surrogates, which are obtained from naturalistic driving studies for the detailed analysis of risk factors. The approach is based on a unified statistical analysis of crash data and surrogate events that uses a spatial referencing...
The relative odds of involvement in seven crash configurations by driver age and sex
Introduction: Much is known about sex and age differences in collision types, but most studies have examined the effect of declining physical and mental capabilities on older drivers- performance. Fewer studies have focused on the relationship between younger driver-s sex and crash type, and these...
Homicide rate as a predictor of traffic fatality rate
Background: In the United States, traffic fatality rates per distance driven vary greatly from state to state, with the maximum rate being 2.9 times the minimum rate. This study was designed to examine factors associated with this variability. Method: A multiple regression was performed on the 2006...

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