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An injury risk curve for the hip for use in frontal impact crash testing
To facilitate the assessment of hip injury risk in frontal motor-vehicle crashes, an injury risk curve that relates peak force transmitted to the hip to the probability of hip fracture was developed by using survival analysis to fit a lognormal distribution to a recently published dataset of hip...
Computational investigation of the effects of driver and vehicle interior factors on the risk of knee-thigh-hip injureis in frontal crashes
The effects of seatbelt use, muscle tension, lower-extremity posture, driver fore-aft seat position, seat height, and seat angle on the likelihood of knee, thigh, and hip (KTH) injuries during knee-to-knee-bolster impacts in frontal crashes were studied using a finite element (FE) human model. A...
BioTab a new method for analyzing and documenting injury causation in motor-vehicle crashes.
Objective: To describe a new method for analyzing and documenting the causes of injuries in motor vehicle crashes that has been implemented since 2005 in cases investigated by the Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN). Methods: The new method, called BioTab, documents injury causation...
Toward designing pedestrian-friendly vehicles
Due to a rise in global urbanization and motorization, pedestrian injuries continue to be a major public-health problem worldwide. To design pedestrian-friendly vehicles, knowledge of common pedestrian injuries, technologies available for reducing these injuries, and benefit estimations for these...
Impact direction effect on serious-to-fatal injuries among drivers in near-side collisions according to impact location focus on thoracic injuries.
Occupant injury in real world vehicle accidents can be significantly affected by a set of crash characteristics, of which impact direction and impact location (or damage location) in general scale interval (e.g., frontal impact is frequently defined as general damage to vehicle frontal end with...
A numerical investigation of factors affecting cervical spine injuries during rollover crashes
Study Design. Factors affecting the risk of cervical spine injury in rollover crashes were investigated using a detailed finite element human head-neck model. Objective. Analyze systematically neck responses and associated injury predictors under complex loading conditions similar to real-world...

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