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Efficacy of a web-based, tailored, alcohol prevention/intervention program for college students initial findings.
Objective: Reduce college student at-risk drinking (ARD) using a Web-based brief motivational alcohol prevention/ intervention called Michigan Prevention and Alcohol Safety for Students (M-PASS). Participants: Participants included 1,137 randomly sampled first-year college students, including 59%...
Driving exposure by driver age in Michigan
Background: This study compared driving exposure betweentwo high-crash-risk groups (16-17 and 18-24-yearolds), with a low-crash-risk group (35-64-year-olds). In addition, patterns of association between driving exposure measures and demographic and driving behavior variables were examined. Methods...
Psychosocial and behavioral factors that predict impaired and other risky driving findings from a longitudinal study.
In 2005 in the U.S., there were 16,885 fatalities in alcohol-related traffic crashes, an estimated 39% of the total fatal crashes, and an additional 254,000 persons injured in alcohol-related crashes. Although alcohol-related crashes have decreased since 1982, they have leveled off in recent years...
Developing a web-based health promotion intervention a case study from a brief motivational alcohol program.
Public health researchers and practitioners reporting findings from intervention studies seldom report in depth the processes of intervention development. However, such information would be useful for several reasons: (a) it would help guide the development of new interventions and refinement or...
Societal costs of risky driving an economic analysis of high-risk patients visiting an urban emergency department.
Objectives: We estimated the societal costs imposed by and the relative contributions of risky driving, drinking-driving, and substance use among young adults visiting a large urban emergency department who exhibited both high-risk driving and problem drinking. Methods: Emergency department...
Crash types markers of increased risk of alcohol-involved crashes among teen drivers.
Objective: Teens drink/drive less often than adults but are more likely to crash when they do drink/drive. This study identified alcohol-related crash types for which teen drivers were at greater risk compared with adults. Method: Michigan State Police crash records for drivers ages 16-19 (teens)...
Emergency department-based brief intervention to reduce risky driving and hazardous/harmful drinking in young adults: A randomized controlled trial.
Background: Risky driving and hazardous drinking are associated with signi�cant human and economic costs. Brief interventions for more than one risky behavior have the potential to reduce healthcompromising behaviors in populations with multiple risk-taking behaviors such as young adults....