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Assessment of the effectiveness of advanced collision avoidance technologies
This report describes the current state of knowledge regarding the effectiveness of several advanced collision-avoidance technologies (ACATs) and presents an assessment of the effect of each technology on traffic safety. The report covers only ACATs for light-duty vehicles. The literature reviewed...
Road safety in 170 low-, middle-, and high-income countries
Earlier this year, the World Health Organization published a comprehensive assessment of road safety in the individual countries of the world (WHO, 2013). The present study used the WHO data for individual countries but focused on differences based on the level of development. The goal was to...
A comparison of CAFE standards and actual CAFE performance of new light-duty vehicles
In August 2012, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced the final standard governing new-vehicle fuel economy for model years 2017 through 2025. The new standard maintains the current system of incremental increases in...
Novice teenage driver cell phone use prevalence
Novice teenage drivers have high crash rates due to inexperience; therefore, cell phone-related secondary task engagement (distracted driving) is likely to aggravate crash risk for this population. A previous study of teenage distracted driving behavior, found that 34% of 16-17- year-olds had...
Validity of the C-RDS self-reported risky driving measure
This study examined the reliability and validity of the Checkpoints Risky Driving Scale (C-RDS) in relation to the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) and an objective measure of risky driving. Naturalistic and survey data were collected over an 18-month period from 42 newly-licensed teenage...
An anthropometric comparison of current ATDs with the U.S. Adult population
Objective: The anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs, or crash dummies) used in the assessment of vehicle crash protection were created based on particular anthropometric targets. The Hybrid-III ATDs widely used in the U.S. are commonly called the “5th-percentile femaleâ€�, “50th-percentile maleâ...
Optimizing the rear seat environment for older children, adults, and infants
Objective: Our recent rear seat safety research found that more-forward and higher lap belt anchorage locations and much shorter and stiffer seat cushions can improve the protection of older children from 6 to 12 years old who are using the vehicle belt without a booster. The objective of this...
Rear seat restraint system optimization for older children in frontal crashes
Objective: Analyses of crash injury data have shown that injury risk increases when children transition from belt-positioning boosters to the vehicle seat belt alone. The objective of this study is to investigate how to improve the restraint environment for these children. Methods: A parametric...
The effect of the learner license Graduated Driver Licensing components on teen drivers’ crashes
Background: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) have focused on the overall system. Studies examining individual components have rarely accounted for the confounding of multiple, simultaneously implemented components. The purpose of this paper is to...
The view from the road : the contribution of on-road glance-monitoring technologies to understanding driver behavior
Using glance-monitoring technologies for on-road studies is an excellent way to investigate driver behaviors in an ecologically valid setting. Recent advances in glance-monitoring technologies have made it possible to conduct on-road studies of drivers’ glance behavior that heretofore were simply...

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