MENU
Home Home Home
 

Search Results

Brief motivational interviewing intervention for peer violence and alcohol use in teens one-year follow-up.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emergency department (ED) visits present an opportunity to deliver brief interventions (BIs) to reduce violence and alcohol misuse among urban adolescents at risk for future injury. Previous analyses demonstrated that a BI resulted in reductions in violence and alcohol...
Dating violence : Outcomes following a brief motivational interviewing intervention among at-risk adolescents in an urban emergency department.
A recent study demonstrated the efficacy of the SafERteens intervention in reducing peer violence among adolescents presenting to the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of this ED-based brief intervention (BI) on dating violence 1 year following the...
Novice teenage driver cell phone use prevalence
Novice teenage drivers have high crash rates due to inexperience; therefore, cell phone-related secondary task engagement (distracted driving) is likely to aggravate crash risk for this population. A previous study of teenage distracted driving behavior, found that 34% of 16-17- year-olds had...
Validity of the C-RDS self-reported risky driving measure
This study examined the reliability and validity of the Checkpoints Risky Driving Scale (C-RDS) in relation to the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) and an objective measure of risky driving. Naturalistic and survey data were collected over an 18-month period from 42 newly-licensed teenage...
The effect of the learner license Graduated Driver Licensing components on teen drivers’ crashes
Background: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) have focused on the overall system. Studies examining individual components have rarely accounted for the confounding of multiple, simultaneously implemented components. The purpose of this paper is to...
The view from the road : the contribution of on-road glance-monitoring technologies to understanding driver behavior
Using glance-monitoring technologies for on-road studies is an excellent way to investigate driver behaviors in an ecologically valid setting. Recent advances in glance-monitoring technologies have made it possible to conduct on-road studies of drivers’ glance behavior that heretofore were simply...
In their own words: adolescents strategies to prevent friends' risk-taking.
Injury is a significant public health problem among youth. A primary cause of adolescent injury is risk-taking behavior, including alcohol use, interpersonal violence and road-related risks. A novel approach to prevention is building on friendships by encouraging adolescents to intervene into their...
The nature and correlates of young women's peer-directed protective behavioral strategies
Recently, a number of studies have identified self-employed Protective Behavioral Strategies (PBS) as effective in decreasing the level of alcohol-related harm among young people. However, much of the published research has ignored important gender differences, such as women's increased...
The effect of the learner license Graduated Driver Licensing components on teen drivers’ crashes
Background: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) have focused on the overall system. Studies examining individual components have rarely accounted for the confounding of multiple, simultaneously implemented components. The purpose of this paper is to...
 Injury prevention among friends :  the benefits of school connectedness
Unsafe road behaviors, violence and alcohol use, are primary contributors to adolescent injury. Research suggests that adolescents look out for their friends and engage in protective behavior to reduce others' risk-taking and that school connectedness is associated with reduced injury-risks....