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Development of a methodology for simulating seat back interaction using realistic body contours
Seat comfort is driven in part by the fit between the sitter and seat. Traditional anthropometric data provide little information about the size and shape of the torso that can be used for backrest design. This study introduces a methodology for using three-dimensional computer models of the human...
Brief motivational interviewing intervention for peer violence and alcohol use in teens one-year follow-up.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emergency department (ED) visits present an opportunity to deliver brief interventions (BIs) to reduce violence and alcohol misuse among urban adolescents at risk for future injury. Previous analyses demonstrated that a BI resulted in reductions in violence and alcohol...
Dating violence : Outcomes following a brief motivational interviewing intervention among at-risk adolescents in an urban emergency department.
A recent study demonstrated the efficacy of the SafERteens intervention in reducing peer violence among adolescents presenting to the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of this ED-based brief intervention (BI) on dating violence 1 year following the...
The effect of bracing availability on one-hand isometric force exertion capability
Environmental obstructions that workers encounter can kinematically limit the postures that they can achieve. However, such obstructions can also provide an opportunity for additional support by bracing with the hand, thigh or other body part. The reaction forces on bracing surfaces, which are in...
Step scaling and behaviour selection in a constrained set of manual material handling transfers
Predictive biomechanical analysis of manual material handling (MMH) transfers is dependent on accurate prediction of foot locations relative to the task. Previous studies have classified common acyclic stepping patterns used during those transfer tasks, but the influence of walking distance prior...
Older adults’ driving reduction and cessation : perspectives of adult children
Purpose of the Study: Adult children are often directly affected by aging parents’ decision to limit or stop driving. This qualitative study examined the process of driving reduction and cessation (DRC) from the perspective of adult children, with a focus on family communication. Design and Methods...
Distribution of belt anchorage locations in the second row of passenger cars and light trucks
Seat belt anchorage locations have a strong effect on occupant protection. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 210 specifies requirements for the layout of the anchorages relative to the seating reference point and seat back angle established by the SAE J826 H-point manikin. Sled testing...
Driver preference for fore-aft steering wheel location
The fore-aft location of the steering wheel relative to the pedals is a critical determinant of driving posture and comfort. Current SAE practices lack quantitative guidance on steering wheel positioning. This paper presents a model of subjective preference for fore-aft steering wheel position...
An anthropometric comparison of current ATDs with the U.S. Adult population
Objective: The anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs, or crash dummies) used in the assessment of vehicle crash protection were created based on particular anthropometric targets. The Hybrid-III ATDs widely used in the U.S. are commonly called the “5th-percentile femaleâ€�, “50th-percentile maleâ...
Optimizing the rear seat environment for older children, adults, and infants
Objective: Our recent rear seat safety research found that more-forward and higher lap belt anchorage locations and much shorter and stiffer seat cushions can improve the protection of older children from 6 to 12 years old who are using the vehicle belt without a booster. The objective of this...

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