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Paul A. Green

Dr. Paul A. Green is a research professor in UMTRI's Driver Interface Group and an adjunct professor/research professor in the University of Michigan (U-M) Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering (IOE).  He is...

John M. Sullivan

Dr. John M. Sullivan is an associate research scientist and head of UMTRI's Human Factors Group. He has conducted several research projects focused on the influence of visibility, particularly at night, on driving performance and subjective experience. These have included studies on drivers'...

Driving exposure by driver age in Michigan
Background: This study compared driving exposure betweentwo high-crash-risk groups (16-17 and 18-24-yearolds), with a low-crash-risk group (35-64-year-olds). In addition, patterns of association between driving exposure measures and demographic and driving behavior variables were examined. Methods...
Where do people drive? navigation system use by typical drivers and auto experts / Victor Ei-Wen Lo, Paul A. Green, and Alfred Franzblau.
To effectively design navigation and travel information systems, car manufacturers need data on how these systems are typically used. In this study, researchers surveyed thirty typical drivers and eleven auto experts to determine previously visited destinations, favourite destinations, and other...
Do memory-impaired drivers and their family members agree on driving ability and behaviors?
It is estimated that approximately one-third of people with dementia continue to drive. Compared with the general driving population, drivers with dementia are at an increased risk of unsafe motor vehicle operation. Self-screening is often the basis for self-regulation of driving. It is not known...
Has the time come for an older driver vehicle?
The populations of many nations and, indeed, the entire world are growing older. As people age, they are more likely to experience medical conditions and take medications that can make operating a personal automobile more difficult. Once driving abilities begin to decline, older adults are often...
Cognitive impairment and driving safety
As the populations of many countries continue to age, cognitive impairment will likely become more common. Individuals with cognitive impairment pose special challenges for families, health professionals, driving safety professionals, and the larger community, particularly if these older adults...
Development and evaluation of new anchors for ratings of driving workload
Older drivers stop driving for several reasons, including being overwhelmed by the workload of the primary driving task. Unfortunately, most driving studies (including those measuring driver distraction and overload) describe workload qualitatively, not quantitatively. A simple way to quantify...
Driving behaviors in early stage dementia a study using in-vehicle technology.
According to the Alzheimer's Association (2011), (1) in 8 people age 65 and older, and about one-half of people age 85 and older, have Alzheimer's disease in the United States (US). There is evidence that drivers with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias are at an increased risk...

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