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Alcohol and Driving

UMTRI researchers are committed to discovering factors that influence alcohol and driving. They develop and evaluate programs to prevent drinking and driving, evaluate alcohol and driving policies, and provide technical support to communities. Researchers are experienced in examining the association between the psychosocial characteristics of drivers and driving behavior using theory-based research techniques. This research often uses longitudinal research methods and allows the examination of the interplay between individual characteristics and driving behavior over time. The results of this research have provided substantial insight into high-risk driving behaviors that can be used to guide the development and deployment of interventions and policy.

Research at UMTRI examines various aspects of high-risk drinking behavior, including drink/driving, episodic heavy drinking, and drinking-related violence. Researchers use their knowledge of high-risk alcohol use to design and deliver interventions, including computerized interventions for teens and adults coming to the emergency department for treatment and web-based, tailored interventions to reduce high-risk alcohol use, including drink/driving among college students.

UMTRI also has extensive experience examining the effects of policy and adjudication practices on drunk driving behavior. Research covers all aspects of policy implementation, including examination of alcohol-related crashes and citations before and after implementation of specific policy, surveys of stakeholders potentially affected by the policy requirements, case studies, and determination of how policy is implemented.

Recent Publications

Emergency department-based brief intervention to reduce risky driving and hazardous/harmful drinking in young adults: A randomized controlled trial.
Marilyn Sawyer Sommers, Michael S. Lyons, Jamison D. Fargo, Benjamin D. Sommers, C. McDonald, Jean T. Shope, M. Fleming.

journal article IN: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Background: Risky driving and hazardous drinking are associated with signi�cant human and economic costs. Brief interventions for...

Developing a web-based health promotion intervention a case study from a brief motivational alcohol program.
Andrea Ippel Barretto, C. Raymond Bingham, Kim Nee Goh, Jean T. Shope.

journal article IN: Health Promotion Practice. Vol. 12, no. 2 (2011), p. 193-201.

Public health researchers and practitioners reporting findings from intervention studies seldom report in depth the processes of...

Driving exposure by driver age in Michigan
J.P. Ehsani, C.R. Bingham, J.T. Shope.

journal article IN: Journal of Safety Research. Vol. 42, no. 3 (2011), p. 193-197.

Background: This study compared driving exposure betweentwo high-crash-risk groups (16-17 and 18-24-yearolds), with a low-crash-risk...

Psychosocial and behavioral factors that predict impaired and other risky driving findings from a longitudinal study.
Jean T. Shope, C. Raymond Bingham, Jennifer S. Zakrajsek.

report IN: Young Impaired Drivers. (2011), p. 59-72.

In 2005 in the U.S., there were 16,885 fatalities in alcohol-related traffic crashes, an estimated 39% of the total fatal crashes, and...

Societal costs of risky driving an economic analysis of high-risk patients visiting an urban emergency department.
Benjamin D. Sommers, Jamison D. Fargo, Michael S. Lyons, Jean T. Shope, and Marilyn S. Sommers.

journal article IN: Traffic Injury Prevention. Vol. 12, no. 2 (2011), p. 149-158.

Objectives: We estimated the societal costs imposed by and the relative contributions of risky driving, drinking-driving, and substance...